Dialysis and Kidney Transplant

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Overview

Kidney transplantation represents a beacon of hope for individuals grappling with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), a condition where the kidneys lose their ability to perform essential functions, commonly known as “kidney failure.” At Aadhar Health Institute, a prominent name in Indian healthcare, we are dedicated to providing world-class healthcare services, particularly excelling in kidney transplants. Our commitment to innovation, patient care, and medical advancements has positioned us as one of the most trusted kidney transplantation hospitals, ensuring the best possible care for those in need.

Why Choose Aadhar health Institute for Kidney Transplant?

We recognize the profound impact kidney transplantation can have on patients and their families. Here are some attributes that make us a trusted choice for kidney transplants in India:

  1. Expert Transplant Team:

Our team comprises renowned transplant surgeons, nephrologists, anesthetists, and support staff with extensive experience and proven expertise in kidney transplantation.

  1. Cutting-edge Technology:

Aadhar health Institute boasts advanced technology and state-of-the-art infrastructure tailored for kidney transplantation, including modern operating rooms, advanced imaging facilities, and a dedicated ICU.

  1. Comprehensive Services:

We offer a complete suite of services for various types of kidney transplants, such as living and deceased donor transplants, ABO-incompatible transplants, and specialized pediatric kidney transplantation.

  1. Quality Care:

Quality and patient safety are paramount in our kidney transplant program. We adhere to rigorous international standards, ensuring the highest quality of care from evaluation to post-transplant follow-up.

  1. Compassionate Approach:

Beyond medical care, we understand the emotional and psychological challenges associated with kidney transplantation. Our compassionate approach includes support, guidance, and counseling for patients and their families throughout their journey.

Early Signs of Kidney Failure

Symptoms of kidney failure can vary, and early stages may have subtle or absent symptoms. As kidney function declines, symptoms and complications may include:

  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Muscle cramps and weakness
  • Itching (Pruritus)
  • Sleep problems
  • Decreased urination
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Difficulty concentrating and mental fog
  • Bone and joint problems
  • Fluid retention (Edema)
  • Anaemia
  • High blood pressure (Hypertension)
  • High potassium levels (Hyperkalemia)
  • Increased thirst and urination

If experiencing these symptoms, especially if persistent or worsening, seeking prompt medical evaluation and kidney function testing is essential.

Eligibility Factors for a Kidney Transplant

Deciding eligibility involves a comprehensive assessment of the patient’s medical history, overall health, and suitability for transplantation. Factors considered include renal function, age, overall health, immunological compatibility, and more. Each patient’s suitability is individually assessed.

Tests Before a Kidney Transplant

Various diagnostic procedures are performed to assess kidney transplant status and general physical condition, including chest X-rays, renal nuclear scans, kidney transplant ultrasound with Doppler, kidney biopsy, CT/MRI scans, blood group (ABO) incompatibility testing, and more.

Methods for Obtaining a Kidney

  • Living Related Donors: First-degree relatives (siblings, parents, children) are preferred due to better tissue match.
  • Living Unrelated Donors: Other relatives, such as cousins, aunts, uncles, nieces, nephews, may also be considered.
  • Deceased Donors: Organs obtained from brain-dead individuals without kidney diseases, infections, or cancers.

Living Related Kidney Donor:

Living donors are a valuable source, providing the best long-term graft and patient survival. A living donor transplant allows for specific planning, fewer immuno-suppressive drugs, higher success rates, and reduced dependence on dialysis.

Donor Compatibility Assessment:

Apart from blood type matching, tissue typing (HLA antigens) and cross-matching ensure compatibility. Preoperative medical investigations, including physical examination, blood tests, and imaging, are conducted.

Pre-Transplant Preparation:

Maintaining good health, smoking cessation, dental care, hygiene, and dialysis adherence are crucial preparations for transplant recipients. Controlling weight and fluid balance is emphasized.

Diet Management for Kidney Transplant:

A kidney-friendly diet is crucial, including restrictions on fluid, protein, sodium, potassium, and phosphorus. Dietary management details are provided by the hospital’s dietary department.

Postoperative Care after Kidney Transplant:

Post-transplant care involves a specialized ward, monitoring vital signs, intake/output measurements, removal of catheters and drains, stent removal, and outpatient follow-ups. Immunosuppressive medications, ongoing monitoring, dietary management, infection prevention, lifestyle modifications, and psychosocial support are integral components of ongoing care.

Donor and Family Concerns:

Donors must make a voluntary decision without coercion. Open and confidential discussions with doctors and transplant coordinators help address concerns. Prospective donors can inquire about risks, cessation of smoking, and oral contraceptives.

Transplant Success Rate:

The success rate of kidney transplants after one year is 90-95%, with good long-term graft and patient survival. Second, third, and fourth transplants are possible if needed.

Robotic Surgery for Kidney Transplant:

Aadhar Health Institute offers robotic-assisted kidney transplantation, a minimally invasive technique providing benefits like smaller incisions, enhanced precision, shorter hospital stays, and reduced complications. However, eligibility depends on individual factors and surgeon expertise.

Life after Kidney Transplant:

A successful transplant provides freedom from dialysis, unrestricted lifestyle, improved well-being, and normalcy in various aspects of life. Full-time work becomes possible, and the patient can lead a healthy, fulfilling life.

In conclusion, kidney transplantation at Aadhar Health Institute, offers a comprehensive, patient-centric approach, ensuring the best possible care from evaluation through post-transplant follow-up. Our commitment to excellence, compassion, and innovation makes us a trusted destination for kidney transplants in India. For further assistance or inquiries, individuals can contact the transplant team at the provided phone numbers or visit the hospital in person.