Respiratory and Pulmonary Medicine

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Overview:

The Department of Pulmonary Medicine at this tertiary referral center specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary diseases. Renowned for its pioneering work, the department has significantly benefited patients dealing with tuberculosis, asthma, allergies, COPD, lung cancers, and infectious lung diseases. It prides itself on advanced pulmonary function testing systems, including the introduction of FENO—an apparatus designed for optimizing asthma management and a first-of-its-kind in India. The department is also equipped with a fiber-optic video bronchoscope for early diagnosis of lung cancer and pneumonias.

Key Features:

  1. Establishment:
    One of the first departments established in a medical college in South Kanara district.
  1. Faculty:
    Highly experienced, skilled, dedicated, and qualified faculty. Faculty members are trained medical graduate teachers incorporating recent teaching techniques.
  2. Laboratory Facilities:
    Advanced pulmonary function laboratory with FeNO apparatus and a cardiopulmonary pulmonary exercise testing system. A high-quality video bronchoscope system is also available. The department houses a skin prick allergy testing unit.
  3. Collaborations:
    Nodal center for the government-run Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP). Involved in conducting clinical trials for new drugs, sponsored by multinational companies, focusing on conditions such as Asthma & COPD.

About the Area of Study:

Pulmonary medicine is a broad specialty in medicine, primarily dealing with diseases affecting the lungs. It extends into critical care and sleep medicine. While its early focus was on tuberculosis, recent years have seen advancements in diagnostic procedures and interventions such as bronchoscopy and thoracoscopy. The field is rapidly growing with promise for the future, working collaboratively with the government to control tuberculosis as part of the DOTS strategy.

Pulmonologists have made significant contributions to society, initially combatting tuberculosis and gradually expanding into addressing allergies, smoking-related lung ailments, and occupational lung diseases. The profile of a pulmonologist is evolving to encompass specialties like sleep medicine, critical care, bronchoscopists, and allergologists, reflecting the diverse and expanding nature of the discipline.